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A Study in Scarlet

Chapter XIII
A Continuation of the Reminiscences of
John Watson, M.D.

   Our prisoner's furious resistance did not apparently indicate any
ferocity in his disposition towards ourselves, for on finding
himself powerless, he smiled in an affable manner, and ex-
pressed his hopes that he had not hurt any of us in the scuffle. "I
guess you're going to take me to the police-station," he re-
marked to Sherlock Holmes "My cab's at the door. If you'll
loose my legs I'll walk down to it. I'm not so light to lift as I
used to be."
  Gregson and Lestrade exchanged glances, as if they thought
this proposition rather a bold one; but Holmes at once took the
prisoner at his word, and loosened the towel which we had
bound round his ankles. He rose and stretched his legs, as
though to assure himself that they were free once more. I re-
member that I thought to myself, as I eyed him, that I had
seldom seen a more powerfully built man; and his dark, sun-
burned face bore an expression of determination and energy
which was as formidable as his personal strength.
  "If there's a vacant place for a chief of the police, I reckon
you are the man for it," he said, gazing with undisguised
admiration at my fellow-lodger. "The way you kept on my trail
was a caution."
  "You had better come with me," said Holmes to the two
  "I can drive you," said Lestrade.
  "Good! and Gregson can come inside with me. You too,
Doctor. You have taken an interest in the case, and may as well
stick to us."
  I assented gladly, and we all descended together. Our prisoner
made no attempt at escape, but stepped calmly into the cab
which had been his, and we followed him. Lestrade mounted the
box, whipped up the horse, and brought us in a very short time
to our destination. We were ushered into a small chamber, where
a police inspector noted down our prisoner's name and the names
of the men with whose murder he had been charged. The official
was a white-faced, unemotional man, who went through his
duties in a dull, mechanical way. "The prisoner will be put
before the magistrates in the course of the week," he said; "in
the meantime, Mr. Jefferson Hope, have you anything that you
wish to say? I must warn you that your words will be taken
down, and may be used against you."
  "I've got a good deal to say," our prisoner said slowly. "I
want to tell you gentlemen all about it."
  "Hadn't you better reserve that for your trial?" asked the
  "I may never be tried," he answered. "You needn't look
startled. It isn't suicide I am thinking of. Are you a doctor?" He
turned his fierce dark eyes upon me as he asked this last question.
  "Yes, I am," I answered.
  "Then put your hand here," he said, with a smile, motioning
with his manacled wrists towards his chest.
  I did so; and became at once conscious of an extraordinary
throbbing and commotion which was going on inside. The walls
of his chest seemed to thrill and quiver as a frail building would
do inside when some powerful engine was at work. In the silence
of the room I could hear a dull humming and buzzing noise
which proceeded from the same source.
  "Why," I cried, "you have an aortic aneurism!"
  "That's what they call it," he said, placidly. "I went to a
doctor last week about it, and he told me that it is bound to burst
before many days passed. It has been getting worse for years. I
got it from overexposure and under-feeding among the Salt Lake
Mountains. I've done my work now, and I don't care how soon I
go, but I should like to leave some account of the business
behind me. I don't want to be remembered as a common
  The inspector and the two detectives had a hurried discussion
as to the advisability of allowing him to tell his story.
  "Do you consider, Doctor, that there is immediate danger?"
the former asked.
  "Most certainly there is," I answered.
  "In that case it is clearly our duty, in the interests of justice,
to take his statement," said the inspector. "You are at liberty,
sir, to give your account, which I again warn you will be taken
  "I'll sit down, with your leave," the prisoner said, suiting the
action to the word. "This aneurism of mine makes me easily
tired, and the tussle we had half an hour ago has not mended
matters. I'm on the brink of the grave, and I am not likely to lie
to you. Every word I say is the absolute truth, and how you use
it is a matter of no consequence to me."
  With these words, Jefferson Hope leaned back in his chair and
began the following remarkable statement. He spoke in a calm
and methodical manner, as though the events which he narrated
were commonplace enough. I can vouch for the accuracy of the
subjoined account, for I have had access to Lestrade's notebook
in which the prisoner's words were taken down exactly as they
were uttered.
  "It don't much matter to you why I hated these men," he
said; "it's enough that they were guilty of the death of two
human beings -- a father and daughter -- and that they had, there-
fore, forfeited their own lives. After the lapse of time that has
passed since their crime, it was impossible for me to secure a
conviction against them in any court. I knew of their guilt
though, and I determined that I should be judge, jury, and
executioner all rolled into one. You'd have done the same, if you
have any manhood in you, if you had been in my place.
  "That girl that I spoke of was to have married me twenty
years ago. She was forced into marrying that same Drebber, and
broke her heart over it. I took the marriage ring from ber dead
finger, and I vowed that his dying eyes should rest upon that
very ring, and that his last thoughts should be of the crime for
which he was punished. I have carried it about with me, and
have followed him and his accomplice over two continents until I
caught them. They thought to tire me out, but they could not do
it. If I die to-morrow, as is likely enough, I die knowing that my
work in this world is done, and well done. They have perished,
and by my hand. There is nothing left for me to hope for, or to
  "They were rich and I was poor, so that it was no easy matter
for me to follow them. When I got to London my pocket was
about empty, and I found that I must turn my hand to something
for my living. Driving and riding are as natural to me as walk-
ing, so I applied at a cab-owner's office, and soon got employ-
ment. I was to bring a certain sum a week to the owner, and
whatever was over that I might keep for myself. There was
seldom much over, but I managed to scrape along somehow. The
hardest job was to learn my way about, for I reckon that of all
the mazes that ever were contrived, this city is the most confus-
ing. I had a map beside me, though, and when once I had
spotted the principal hotels and stations, I got on pretty well.
  "It was some time before I found out where my two gentle-
men were living; but I inquired and inquired until at last I
dropped across them. They were at a boarding-house at Cam-
berwell, over on the other side of the river. When once I found
them out, I knew that I had them at my mercy. I had grown my
beard, and there was no chance of their recognizing me. I would
dog them and follow them until I saw my opportunity. I was
determined that they should not escape me again.
  "They were very near doing it for all that. Go where they
would about London, I was always at their heels. Sometimes I
followed them on my cab, and sometimes on foot, but the former
was the best, for then they could not get away from me.
"It was only early in the morning or late at night that I could
earn anything, so that I began to get behindhand with my em-
ployer. I did not mind that, however, as long as I could lay my
hand upon the men I wanted.
  "They were very cunning, though. They must have thought
that there was some chance of their being followed, for they
would never go out alone, and never after nightfall. During two
weeks I drove behind them every day, and never once saw them
separate. Drebber himself was drunk half the time, but Stangerson
was not to be caught napping. I watched them late and early, but
never saw the ghost of a chance; but I was not discouraged, for
something told me that the hour had almost come. My only fear
was that this thing in my chest might burst a little too soon and
leave my work undone.
  "At last, one evening I was driving up and down Torquay
Terrace, as the street was called in which they boarded, when I
saw a cab drive up to their door. Presently some luggage was
brought out and after a time Drebber and Stangerson followed it,
and drove off. I whipped up my horse and kept within sight of
them, feeling very ill at ease, for I feared that they were going to
shift their quarters. At Euston Station they got out, and I left a
boy to hald my horse and followed them on to the platform. I
heard them ask for the Liverpool train, and the guard answer that
one had just gone. and there would not be another for some
hours. Stangerson seemed to be put out at that, but Drebber was
rather pleased than otherwise. I got so close to them in the bustle
that I could hear every word that passed between them. Drebber
said that he had a little business of his own to do, and that if the
other would wait for him he would soon rejoin him. His compan-
ion remonstrated with him, and reminded him that they had
resolved to stick together. Drebber answered that the matter was
a delicate one, and that he must go alone. I could not catch what
Stangerson said to that, but the otber burst out swearing, and
reminded him that he was nothing more than his paid servant,
and that he must not presume to dictate to him. On that the
secretary gave it up as a bad job, and simply bargained with him
that if he missed the last train he should rejoin him at Halliday's
Private Hotel; to which Drebber answered that he would be back
on the platform before eleven, and made his way out of the
  "The moment for which I had waited so long had at last
come. I had my enemies within my power. Together they could
protect each other, but singly they were at my mercy. I did not
act, however, with undue precipitation. My plans were already
formed. There is no satisfaction in vengeance unless the offender
has time to realize who it is that strikes him, and why retribution
has come upon him. I had my plans arranged by which I should
have the opportunity of making the man who had wronged me
understand that his old sin had found him out. It chanced that
some days before a gentleman who had been engaged in looking
over some houses in the Brixton Road had dropped the key of
one of them in my carriage. It was claimed that same evening,
and returned; but in the interval I had taken a moulding of it, and
had a duplicate constructed. By means of this I had access to at
least one spot in this great city where I could rely upon being
free from interruption. How to get Drebber to that house was the
difficult problem which I had now to solve.
  "He walked down the road and went into one or two liquor
shops, staying for nearly half an hour in the last of them. When
he came out. he staggered in his walk, and was evidently pretty
well on. There was a hansom just in front of me, and he hailed
it. I followed it so close that the nose of my horse was within a
yard of his driver the whole way. We rattled across Waterloo
Bridge and through miles of streets, until, to my astonishment,
we found ourselves back in the terrace in which he had boarded.
I could not imagine what his intention was in returning there; but
I went on and pulled up my cab a hundred yards or so from the
house. He entered it, and his hansom drove away. Give me a
glass of water. if you please. My mouth gets dry with the
  I handed him the glass, and he drank it down.
  "That's better," he said. "Well, I waited tor a quarter of an
hour, or more, when suddenly there came a noise like people
struggling inside the house. Next moment the door was flung
open and two men appeared, one of whom was Drebber, and the
other was a young chap whom I had never seen before. This
fellow had Drebber by the collar, and when they came to the
head of the steps he gave him a shove and a kick which sent him
half across the road. 'You hound!' he cried, shaking his stick at
him: 'I'll teach you to insult an honest girl!' He was so hot that I
think he would have thrashed Drebber with his cudgel. only that
the cur staggered away down the road as fast as his legs would
carry him. He ran as far as the corner, and then seeing my cab,
he hailed me and jumped in. 'Drive me to Halliday's Private
Hotel,' said he.
  "When I had him fairly inside my cab, my heart jumped so
with joy that I feared lest at this last moment my aneurism might
go wrong. I drove along slowly, weighing in my own mind what
it was best to do. I might take him right out into the country, and
there in some deserted lane have my last interview with him. I
had almost decided upon this, when he solved the problem for
me. The craze for drink had seized him again, and he ordered me
to pull up outside a gin palace. He went in, leaving word that I
should wait for him. There he remained until closing time. and
when he came out he was so far gone that I knew the game was
in my own hands.
  "Don't imagine that I intended to kill him in cold blood. It
would only have been rigid justice if I had done so, but I could
not bring myself to do it. I had long determined that he should
have a show for his life if he chose to take advantage of it.
Among the many billets which I have filled in America during
my wandering life, I was once janitor and sweeper-out of the
laboratory at York College. One day the professor was lecturing
on poisons, and he showed his students some alkaloid, as he
called it, which he had extracted from some South American
arrow poison, and which was so powerful that the least grain
meant instant death. I spotted the bottle in which this preparation
was kept, and when they were all gone, I helped myself to a
little of it. I was a fairly good dispenser, so I worked this
alkaloid into small, soluble pills, and each pill I put in a box
with a similar pill made without the poison. I determined at the
time that when I had my chance my gentlemen should each have
a draw out of one of these boxes, while I ate the pill that
remained. It would be quite as deadly and a good deal less noisy
than firing across a handkerchief. From that day I had always my
pill boxes about with me. and the time had now come when I
was to use them.
  "It was nearer one than twelve, and a wild, bleak night,
blowing hard and raining in torrents. Dismal as it was outside. I
was glad within -- so glad that I could have shouted out from
pure exultation. If any of you gentlemen have ever pined for a
thing, and longed for it during twenty long years, and then
suddenly found it within your reach, you would understand my
feelings. I lit a cigar, and puffed at it to steady my nerves, but
my hands were trembling and my temples throbbing with excite-
ment. As I drove, I could see old John Ferrier and sweet Lucy
looking at me out of the darkness and smiling at me, just as plain
as I see you all in this room. All the way they were ahead of me,
one on each side of the horse until I pulled up at the house in the
Brixton Road.
  "There was not a soul to be seen, nor a sound to be heard,
except the dripping of the rain. When I looked in at the window,
I found Drebber all huddled together in a drunken sleep. I shook
him by the arm, 'It's time to get out.' I said.
  " 'All right, cabby.' said he.
  "I suppose he thought we had come to the hotel that he had
mentioned, for he got out without another word, and followed
me down the garden. I had to walk beside him to keep him
steady, for he was still a little top-heavy. When we came to the
door, I opened it and led him into the front room. I give you my
word that all the way, the father and the daughter were walking
in front of us.
  " 'It's infernally dark,' said he, stamping about.
  " 'We'll soon have a light,' I said, striking a match and
putting it to a wax candle which I had brought with me. 'Now,
Enoch Drebber,' I continued, turning to him, and holding the
light to my own face, 'who am l?'
  "He gazed at me with bleared, drunken eyes for a moment,
and then I saw a horror spring up in them, and convulse his
whole features, which showed me that he knew me. He stag-
gered back with a livid face, and I saw the perspiration break out
upon his brow, while his teeth chattered in his head. At the sight
I leaned my back against the door and laughed loud and long. I
had always known that vengeance would be sweet, but I had
never hoped for the contentment of soul which now possessed
  " 'You dog!' I said; 'I have hunted you from Salt Lake City to
St. Petersburg, and you have always escaped me. Now, at last
your wanderings have come to an end, for either you or I shall
never see to-morrow's sun rise.' He shrunk still farther away as I
spoke, and I could see on his face that he thought I was mad. So
I was for the time. The pulses in my temples beat like sledge-
hammers, and I believe I would have had a fit of some sort if the
blood had not gushed from my nose and relieved me.
  " 'What do you think of Lucy Ferrier now?' I cried, locking
the door, and shaking the key in his face. 'Punishment has been
slow in coming, but it has overtaken you at last.' I saw his
coward lips tremble as I spoke. He would have begged for his
life, but he knew well that it was useless.
  " 'Would you murder me?' he stammered.
  " 'There is no murder,' I answered. 'Who talks of murdering
a mad dog? What mercy had you upon my poor darling, when
you dragged her from her slaughtered father, and bore her away
to your accursed and shameless harem?'
  " 'It was not I who killed her father,' he cried.
  " 'But it was you who broke her innocent heart,' I shrieked,
thrusting the box before him. 'Let the high God judge between
us. Choose and eat. There is death in one and life in the other. I
shall take what you leave. Let us see if there is justice upon the
earth, or if we are ruled by chance.'
  "He cowered away with wild cries and prayers for mercy, but
I drew my knife and held it to his throat until he had obeyed me.
Then I swallowed the other, and we stood facing one another in
silence for a minute or more, waiting to see which was to live
and which was to die. Shall I ever forget the look which came
over his face when the first warning pangs told him that the
poison was in his system? I laughed as I saw it, and held Lucy's
marriage ring in front of his eyes. It was but for a moment, for
the action of the alkaloid is rapid. A spasm of pain contorted his
features; he threw his hands out in front of him, staggered, and
then, with a hoarse cry, fell heavily upon the floor. I turned him
over with my foot, and placed my hand upon his heart. There
was no movement. He was dead!
  "The blood had been streaming from my nose, but I had taken
no notice of it. I don't know what it was that put it into my head
to write upon the wall with it. Perhaps it was some mischievous
idea of setting the police upon a wrong track, for I felt light-
hearted and cheerful. I remember a German being found in New
York with RACHE written up above him, and it was argued at
the time in the newspapers that the secret societies must have
done it. I guessed that what puzzled the New Yorkers would
puzzle the Londoners, so I dipped my finger in my own blood
and printed it on a convenient place on the wall. Then I walked
down to my cab and found that there was nobody about, and that
the night was still very wild. I had driven some distance, when I
put my hand into the pocket in which I usually kept Lucy's ring,
and found that it was not there. I was thunderstruck at this, for it
was the only memento that I had of her. Thinking that I might
have dropped it when I stooped over Drebber's body, I drove
back, and leaving my cab in a side street, I went boldly up to the
house -- for I was ready to dare anything rather than lose the ring.
When I arrived there, I walked right into the arms of a police-
officer who was coming out, and only managed to disarm his
suspicions by pretending to be hopelessly drunk.
  "That was how Enoch Drebber came to his end. All I had to
do then was to do as much for Stangerson, and so pay off John
Ferrier's debt. I knew that he was staying at Halliday's Private
Hotel, and I hung about all day, but he never came out. I fancy
that he suspected something when Drebber failed to put in an
appearance. He was cunning, was Stangerson, and always on his
guard. If he thought he could keep me off by staying indoors he
was very much mistaken. I soon found out which was the
window of his bedroom, and early next morning I took advan-
tage of some ladders which were lying in the lane behind the
hotel, and so made my way into his room in the gray of the
dawn. I woke him up and told him that the hour had come when
he was to answer for the life he had taken so long before. I
described Drebber's death to him, and I gave him the same
choice of the poisoned pills. Instead of grasping at the chance of
safety which that offered him, he sprang from his bed and flew
at my throat. In self-defence I stabbed him to the heart. It would
have been the same in any case, for Providence would never
have allowed his guilty hand to pick out anything but the poison.
  "I have little more to say, and it's as well, for I am about
done up. I went on cabbing it for a day or so, intending to keep
at it until I could save enough to take me back to America. I was
standing in the yard when a ragged youngster asked if there was
a cabby there called Jefferson Hope, and said that his cab was
wanted by a gentleman at 22lB, Baker Street. I went round
suspecting no harm, and the next thing I knew, this young man
here had the bracelets on my wrists, and as neatly shackled as
ever I saw in my life. That's the whole of my story, gentlemen.
You may consider me to be a murderer; but I hold that I am just
as much an officer of justice as you are."
  So thrilling had the man's narrative been and his manner was
so impressive that we had sat silent and absorbed. Even the
professional detectives, blase' as they were in every detail of
crime, appeared to be keenly interested in the man's story. When
he finished, we sat for some minutes in a stillness which was
only broken by the scratching of Lestrade's pencil as he gave the
finishing touches to his shorthand account.
  "There is only one point on which I should like a little more
information," Sherlock Holmes said at last. "Who was your
accomplice who came for the ring which I advertised?"
  The prisoner winked at my friend jocosely. "I can tell my
own secrets," he said, "but I don't get other people into trouble.
I saw your advertisement, and I thought it might be a plant, or it
might be the ring which I wanted. My friend volunteered to go
and see. I think you'll own he did it smartly."
  "Not a doubt of that," said Holmes, heartily.
  "Now, gentlemen," the inspector remarked gravely, "the
forms of the law must be complied with. On Thursday the
prisoner will be brought before the magistrates, and your atten-
dance will be required. Until then I will be responsible for him."
He rang the bell as he spoke, and Jefferson Hope was led off by
a couple of warders, while my friend and I made our way out of
the station and took a cab back to Baker Street.
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