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The Hound of the
Baskervilles

Chapter III
The Problem


  I confess at these words a shudder passed through me.
There was a thrill in the doctor's voice which showed that he
was himself deeply moved by that which he told us. Holmes
leaned forward in his excitement and his eyes had the hard, dry
glitter which shot from them when he was keenly interested.
  "You saw this?"
  "As clearly as I see you."
  "And you said nothing?"
  "What was the use?"
  "How was it that no one else saw it?"
  "The marks were some twenty yards from the body and no
one gave them a thought. I don't suppose I should have done so
had I not known this legend."
  "There are many sheep-dogs on the moor?"
  "No doubt, but this was no sheep-dog."
  "You say it was large?"
  "Enormous. "
  "But it had not approached the body?"
  "No."
  "What sort of night was it?'
  "Damp and raw."
  "But not actually raining?"
  "No."
  "What is the alley like?"
  "There are two lines of old yew hedge, twelve feet high and
  impenetrable. The walk in the centre is about eight feet across."
  "Is there anything between the hedges and the walk?"
  "Yes, there is a strip of grass about six feet broad on either
side."
  "I understand that the yew hedge is penetrated at one point by
a gate?"
  "Yes, the wicket-gate which leads on to the moor."
  "Is there any other opening?"
  "None."
  "So that to reach the yew alley one either has to come down it
from the house or else to enter it by the moor-gate?"
  "There is an exit through a summer-house at the far end."
  "Had Sir Charles reached this?"
  "No; he lay about fifty yards from it."
  "Now, tell me, Dr. Mortimer -- and this is important -- the
  marks which you saw were on the path and not on the grass?"
  "No marks could show on the grass."
  "Were they on the same side of the path as the moor-gate?"
  "Yes; they were on the edge of the path on the same side as
the moor-gate."
  "You interest me exceedingly. Another point. Was the wicket-
gate closed?"
  "Closed and padlocked."
  "How high was it?"
  "About four feet high."
  "Then anyone could have got over it?"
  "Yes."
  "And what marks did you see by the wicket-gate?"
  "None in particular."
  "Good heaven! Did no one examine?"
  "Yes, I examined, myself."
  "And found nothing?"
  "It was all very confused. Sir Charles had evidently stood
there for five or ten minutes."
  "How do you know that?"
  "Because the ash had twice dropped from his cigar."
  "Excellent! This is a colleague, Watson, after our own heart.
But the marks?"
  "He had left his own marks all over that small patch of
gravel. I could discern no others."
  Sherlock Holmes struck his hand against his knee with an
impatient gesture.
  "If I had only been there!" he cried. "It is evidently a case of
extraordinary interest, and one which presented immense opportu-
nities to the scientific expert. That gravel page upon which I
might have read so much has been long ere this smudged by the
rain and defaced by the clogs of curious peasants. Oh, Dr.
Mortimer, Dr. Mortimer, to think that you should not have
called me in! You have indeed much to answer for."
  "I could not call you in, Mr. Holmes, without disclosing these
facts to the world, and I have already given my reasons for not
wishing to do so. Besides, besides --"
  "Why do you hesitate?"
  "There is a realm in which the most acute and most experi-
enced of detectives is helpless."
  "You mean that the thing is supernatural?"
  "I did not positively say so."
  "No, but you evidently think it."
  "Since the tragedy, Mr. Holmes, there have come to my ears
several incidents which are hard to reconcile with the settled
order of Nature."
  "For example?"
  "I find that before the terrible event occurred several people
had seen a creature upon the moor which corresponds with this
Baskerville demon, and which could not possibly be any animal
known to science. They all agreed that it was a huge creature,
luminous, ghastly, and spectral. I have cross-examined these
men, one of them a hard-headed countryman, one a farrier, and
one a moorland farmer, who all tell the same story of this
dreadful apparition, exactly corresponding to the hell-hound of
the legend. I assure you that there is a reign of terror in the
district, and that it is a hardy man who will cross the moor at
night."
  "And you, a trained man of science, believe it to be super-
natural?"
  "I do not know what to believe."
  Holmes shrugged his shoulders.
   "I have hitherto confined my investigations to this world,"
said he. "In a modest way I have combated evil, but to take on
the Father of Evil himself would, perhaps, be too ambitious a
task. Yet you must admit that the footmark is material."
  "The original hound was material enough to tug a man's
throat out, and yet he was diabolical as well."
  "I see that you have quite gone over to the supernaturalists.
But now, Dr. Mortimer, tell me this. If you hold these views
why have you come to consult me at all? You tell me in the same
breath that it is useless to investigate Sir Charles's death, and
that you desire me to do it."
  "I did not say that I desired you to do it."
  "Then, how can I assist you?"
  "By advising me as to what I should do with Sir Henry
Baskerville, who arrives at Waterloo Station" -- Dr. Mortimer
looked at his watch -- "in exactly one hour and a quarter."
  "He being the heir?"
  "Yes. On the death of Sir Charles we inquired for this young
gentleman and found that he had been farming in Canada. From
the accounts which have reached us he is an excellent fellow in
every way. I speak now not as a medical man but as a trustee
and executor of Sir Charles's will."
  "There is no other claimant, I presume?"
  "None. The only other kinsman whom we have been able to
trace was Rodger Baskerville, the youngest of three brothers of
whom poor Sir Charles was the elder. The second brother, who
died young, is the father of this lad Henry. The third, Rodger,
was the black sheep of the family. He came of the old masterful
Baskerville strain and was the very image, they tell me, of the
family picture of old Hugo. He made England too hot to hold
him, fled to Central America, and died there in 1876 of yellow
fever. Henry is the last of the Baskervilles. In one hour and five
minutes I meet him at Waterloo Station. I have had a wire that
he arrived at Southampton this morning. Now, Mr. Holmes,
what would you advise me to do with him?"
  "Why should he not go to the home of his fathers?"
  "It seems natural, does it not? And yet, consider that every
Baskerville who goes there meets with an evil fate. I feel sure
that if Sir Charles could have spoken with me before his death he
would have warned me against bringing this, the last of the old
race, and the heir to great wealth, to that deadly place. And yet it
cannot be denied that the prosperity of the whole poor, bleak
countryside depends upon his presence. All the good work which
has been done by Sir Charles will crash to the ground if there is
no tenant of the Hall. I fear lest I should be swayed too much by
my own obvious interest in the matter, and that is why I bring
the case before you and ask for your advice."
  Holmes considered for a little time.
  "Put into plain words, the matter is this," said he. "In your
opinion there is a diabolical agency which makes Dartmoor an
unsafe abode for a Baskerville -- that is your opinion?"
  "At least I might go the length of saying that there is some
evidence that this may be so."
  "Exactly. But surely, if your supernatural theory be correct, it
could work the young man evil in London as easily as in
Devonshire. A devil with merely local powers like a parish
vestry would be too inconceivable a thing."
  "You put the matter more flippantly, Mr. Holmes, than you
would probably do if you were brought into personal contact
with these things. Your advice, then, as I understand it, is that
the young man will be as safe in Devonshire as in London. He
comes in fifty minutes. What would you recommend?"
  "I recommend, sir, that you take a cab, call off your spaniel
who is scratching at my front door, and proceed to Waterloo to
meet Sir Henry Baskerville."
  "And then?"
  "And then you will say nothing to him at all until I have made
up my mind about the matter."
  "How long will it take you to make up your mind?"
  "Twenty-four hours. At ten o'clock to-morrow, Dr. Morti-
mer, I will be much obliged to you if you will call upon me here,
and it will be of help to me in my plans for the future if you will
bring Sir Henry Baskerville with you."
  "I will do so, Mr. Holmes." He scribbled the appointment on
his shirt-cuff and hurried off in his strange, peering, absent-
minded fashion. Holmes stopped him at the head of the stair.
  "Only one more question, Dr. Mortimer. You say that before
Sir Charles Baskerville's death several people saw this apparition
upon the moor?"
  "Three people did."
  "Did any see it after?"
  "I have not heard of any."
  "Thank you. Good-morning."
  Holmes returned to his seat with that quiet look of inward
satisfaction which meant that he had a congenial task before him.
  "Going out, Watson?"
  "Unless I can help you."
  "No, my dear fellow, it is at the hour of action that I turn to
you for aid. But this is splendid, really unique from some points
of view. When you pass Bradley's, would you ask him to send
up a pound of the strongest shag tobacco? Thank you. It would
be as well if you could make it convenient not to return before
evening. Then I should be very glad to compare impressions as
to this most interesting problem which has been submined to us
this morning."
  I knew that seclusion and solitude were very necessary for my
friend in those hours of intense mental concentration during
which he weighed every particle of evidence, constructed alter-
native theories, balanced one against the other, and made up his
mind as to which points were essential and which immaterial. I
therefore spent the day at my club and did not return to Baker
Street until evening. It was nearly nine o'clock when I found
myself in the sitting-room once more.
  My first impression as I opened the door was that a fire had
broken out, for the room was so filled with smoke that the light
of the lamp upon the table was blurred by it. As I entered,
however, my fears were set at rest, for it was the acrid fumes of
strong coarse tobacco which took me by the throat and set me
coughing. Through the haze I had a vague vision of Holmes in
his dressing-gown coiled up in an armchair with his black clay
pipe between his lips. Several rolls of paper lay around him.
  "Caught cold, Watson?" said he.
  "No, it's this poisonous atmosphere."
  "I suppose it is pretty thick, now that you mention it."
  "Thick! It is intolerable."
  "Open the window, then! You have been at your club all day,
I perceive."
  "My dear Holmes!"
  "Am I right?"
  "Certainly, but how?"
  He laughed at my bewildered expression.
  "There is a delightful freshness about you, Watson, which
makes it a pleasure to exercise any small powers which I possess
at your expense. A gentleman goes forth on a showery and miry
day. He returns immaculate in the evening with the gloss still on
his hat and his boots. He has been a fixture therefore all day. He
is not a man with intimate friends. Where, then, could he have
been? Is it not obvious?"
  "Well, it is rather obvious."
  "The world is full of obvious things which nobody by any
chance ever observes. Where do you think that I have been?"
  "A fixture also."
  "On the contrary, I have been to Devonshire."
  "In spirit?"
  "Exactly. My body has remained in this armchair and has, I
regret to observe, consumed in my absence two large pots of
coffee and an incredible amount of tobacco. After you left I sent
down to Stamford's for the Ordnance map of this portion of the
moor, and my spirit has hovered over it all day. I flatter myself
that I could find my way about."
  "A large-scale map, I presume?"
  "Very large." He unrolled one section and held it over his
knee. "Here you have the particular district which concerns us.
That is Baskerville Hall in the middle."
  "With a wood round it?"
  "Exactly. I fancy the yew alley, though not marked under that
name, must stretch along this line, with the moor, as you per-
ceive, upon the right of it. This small clump of buildings here is
the hamlet of Grimpen, where our friend Dr. Mortimer has his
headquarters. Within a radius of five miles there are, as you see,
only a very few scattered dwellings. Here is Lafter Hall, which
was mentioned in the narrative. There is a house indicated here
which may be the residence of the naturalist -- Stapleton, if I
remember right, was his name. Here are two moorland farm-
houses, High Tor and Foulmire. Then fourteen miles away the
great convict prison of Princetown. Between and around these
scattered points extends the desolate, lifeless moor. This, then, is
the stage upon which tragedy has been played, and upon which
we may help to play it again."
  "It must be a wild place."
  "Yes, the setting is a worthy one. If the devil did desire to
have a hand in the affairs of men --"
  "Then you are yourself inclining to the supernatural explanation."
  "The devil's agents may be of flesh and blood, may they not?
There are two questions waiting for us at the outset. The one is
whether any crime has been committed at all; the second is, what
is the crime and how was it committed? Of course, if Dr.
Mortimer's surmise should be correct, and we are dealing with
forces outside the ordinary laws of Nature, there is an end of our
investigation. But we are bound to exhaust all other hypotheses
before falling back upon this one. I think we'll shut that window
again, if you don't mind. It is a singular thing, but I find that a
concentrated atmosphere helps a concentration of thought. I have
not pushed it to the length of getting into a box to think, but that
is the logical outcome of my convictions. Have you turned the
case over in your mind?"
  "Yes, I have thought a good deal of it in the course of the
day."
  "What do you make of it?"
  "It is very bewildering."
  "It has certainly a character of its own. There are points of
distinction about it. That change in the footprints, for example.
What do you make of that?"
  "Mortimer said that the man had walked on tiptoe down that
portion of the alley."
  "He only repeated what some fool had said at the inquest
Why should a man walk on tiptoe down the alley?"
  "What then?"
  "He was running, Watson -- running desperately, running for
his life, running until he burst his heart-and fell dead upon his
face."
  "Running from what?"
  "There lies our problem. There are indications that the man
was crazed with fear before ever he began to run."
  "How can you say that?"
  "I am presuming that the cause of his fears came to him
across the moor. If that were so, and it seems most probable
only a man who had lost his wits would have run from the house
instead of towards it. If the gipsy's evidence may be taken as
true, he ran with cries for help in the direction where help was
least likely to be. Then, again, whom was he waiting for that
night, and why was he waiting for him in the yew alley rather
than in his own house?"
  "You think that he was waiting for someone?"
  "The man was elderly and infirm. We can understand his
taking an evening stroll, but the ground was damp and the night
inclement. Is it natural that he should stand for five or ten
minutes, as Dr. Mortimer, with more practical sense than I
should have given him credit for, deduced from the cigar ash?"
  "But he went out every evening."
  "I think it unlikely that he waited at the moor-gate every
evening. On the contrary, the evidence is that he avoided the
moor. That night he waited there. It was the night before he
made his departure for London. The thing takes shape, Watson.
It becomes coherent. Might I ask you to hand me my violin, and
we will postpone all further thought upon this business until we
have had the advantage of meeting Dr. Mortimer and Sir Henry
Baskerville in the morning."
 
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